Platform for the Accelerated Realization, Analysis, & Discovery of Interface MaterialsAn NSF Materials Innovation Platform
June 17 – 22, 2018
July 8 – 13, 2018
June 23 – 25, 2017
PARADIM held an electron microscopy workshop that highlighted the current developments and new science that make next-generation instrumentation possible.
Seven assistant professors win NSF early-career awards
By Tom Fleischman | Cornell Chronicle
Seven assistant professors, representing the colleges of Engineering and Agriculture and Life Sciences, have been recognized with National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Program awards, which support junior faculty members’ research projects and outreach efforts.
This year’s winners from Cornell are: Ludmilla Aristilde, biological and environmental engineering; Jacob Bien, biological statistics and computational biology; Lena Kourkoutis, the Rebecca Q. and James C. Morgan Sesquicentennial Faculty Fellow in applied and engineering physics; Andreea Minca, operations research and information engineering; Perrine Pepiot and Meredith Silberstein, both mechanical and aerospace engineering; and Christoph Studer, electrical and computer engineering.
Aristilde received $600,000 over five years to study mechanisms underlying the trapping of organic matter, including contaminants and biomolecules within environmental matrices. The trapping studied by Aristilde controls transformation and transport rates within lake and river sediments, soil subsurface, landfills, waste sludge and water filtration systems. The overarching goal of the proposed research is to develop a novel approach that combines experimental and computational approaches to obtain nanoscale to molecular characterization of complex organo-mineral mixtures.
Bien will use his award, $400,000 over five years, to develop new statistical methods that can handle the increasingly complex data that the public relies on to make decisions impacting everyday life. The internet has led to unprecedented quantities of data, from news and commercial websites to consumer reviews and various forms of social media. Such data represent a potential treasure trove of insights into the world; Bien’s goal is to design improved statistical methods whose outputs can be interpreted simply by nonexperts.
Kourkoutis was awarded $550,000 over five years for a project aimed at understanding the processes at interfaces between liquids and solids that, for example, determine how batteries function and fail. The objective of this project is to develop and apply novel electron microscopy techniques that allow not only solid/solid, but also liquid/solid and soft/hard interfaces to be studied at the nanometer to atomic scale. This project will have an impact on science and technology by providing high-resolution characterization techniques of materials that are of interest for a wide range of technologies.
Minca’s project was awarded $500,000 over five years; the goal is to advance methodologies in both operations research and stochastic (randomly determined) analysis. Such systems arise in many contexts, including distributed retail operations, where resources are inventories of goods and backordering is allowed, and financial networks, where resources are cash and other capital assets and individual nodes may experience cash shortfalls. In December, Minca won the 2016 Early Career Prize from the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
Pepiot’s project, awarded $501,233 over five years, aims to develop an integrated approach to understand, model and, eventually, leverage interactions between fuel molecular components during combustion. The fuel landscape is changing due to the introduction of alternative and bio-derived fuels, and this change provides new opportunities to design more efficient fuel blends for advanced combustion technologies to help mitigate environmental impact. The long-term goal: to enable better control of the combustion chemistry process and explore alternative engine concepts.
Silberstein was awarded $500,000 over five years to study mechanochemically responsive polymers – materials that react to the onset of damage by strengthening themselves locally via mechanophores – chemical units that transform themselves under stress. These polymers would be used in such safety-critical products as tires, helmets and airplanes. Most polymer development to date has focused on improving the material’s initial properties, but eventually these properties degrade at a somewhat unpredictable rate. Mechanochemically responsive polymers would have longer life spans and be less susceptible to accumulated damage through high-intensity stressors, such as helmet impact.
Studer was awarded $606,661 over five years for his research of Bayesian inference – a powerful method for extracting statistical information from noisy, corrupted or nonlinear measurements. Sophisticated algorithms have been designed for time-insensitive tasks, but real-time applications – especially in the fields of wireless communications and imaging – typically rely on simplistic methods that prevent the use of accurate system and signal models. Studer proposes to resolve the dichotomy between recent advances on the theory side and real-world hardware constraints by pursuing a bottom-up research approach in which hardware limitations drive efforts on the algorithm and theory levels.
All projects have an outreach component, generally involving K-12 students and people from underrepresented communities.
Darrell Schlom, the Herbert Fisk Johnson Professor of Industrial Chemistry in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Cornell, has been elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).
Election to the NAE is among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer. Membership honors those who have made outstanding contributions to “engineering research, practice or education, including, where appropriate, significant contributions to the engineering literature,” as well as to “the pioneering of new and developing fields of technology,” according to the academy.
In August, 2016, PARADIM welcomed a set of 20 industry participants representing six different companies to the Industry Users Kick-Off Meeting. Some of the companies, who are existing collaborators with Cornell, are interested in exploring Cornell’s new capabilities provided by PARADIM. Others are new to Cornell and have specific project ideas in mind that are best addressed by PARADIM. All participants are seeking assistance from the unique and growing capabilities that PARADIM provides through its user facilities and collaboration opportunities.
Cornell’s industry collaborations provide mutual benefits for both the University and our industry partners. PARADIM is committed to providing the same benefits to a diverse and extensive set of companies in the electronic materials sector. The PARADIM leadership team and NSF are currently working together to finalize the terms for corporate access to PARADIM facilities and staff. Please contact us to learn more.
Please feel free to contact us with any questions.
Paul F. Mutolo, PhD
Director of Industrial Outreach
p. (607) 255-4928; m. (518) 469-0306; e. firstname.lastname@example.org
An Introduction to Density Functional Theory for Experimentalists
July 24, 2016 – July 29, 2016
click photo above to view photos
click links below to view lectures or download handouts
Professor of Materials
University of Oxford
Dept. of Organizational Behavior School of Industrial Labor Relations
Wednesday, July 27, 2016
3.1 Elastic properties of materials
3.2 Vibrational properties and phonons
3.3 How to calculate the elastic constants and the phonon dispersion relations of silicon
Friday, July 29, 2016
5.1 Vibrational spectroscopy and low-frequency dielectric constant
5.2 Limitations of DFT and post-DFT methods
5.3 How to calculate the IR spectrum and the low-frequency dielectric constant of SiO2